Dipping your toes into the vast ocean of cryptocurrencies?

You’re not alone.

As digital currencies skyrocket, many are intrigued by the sheer variety available.

Like Bitcoin, a plethora of unique crypto types, each serves distinct purposes and offers varied technological innovations.

From powering decentralized applications to representing tangible assets on the blockchain, the crypto realm is as diverse as it is expansive.

Ready to embark on a journey through the 13 different types of cryptocurrencies?

Let’s dive in and unravel the multifaceted network of digital assets.

Bitcoin and its Forks: The Pioneers of Cryptocurrency

Stepping into the crypto arena, Bitcoin is the trailblazing pioneer and a store of value.

 But did you know it’s not alone?

Over time, disagreements in the Bitcoin community led to “forks” – creating many cryptocurrencies with tweaked rules.

These tokens include Bitcoin Cash and Bitcoin SV as prime examples.

While they share Bitcoin’s foundational DNA, each fork brings flavor.

Altcoins: Types of Cryptocurrency Beyond Bitcoin

Venturing beyond Bitcoin’s shadow, there is an underlying universe of altcoins waiting for you.

These alternative coins and tokens, from Ethereum to Cardano, offer diverse operational and functional options. 

While some enhance smart contract capabilities, others focus on privacy (Monero) or speed (Litecoin).

The altcoin market is a hotbed of creativity and competition, constantly pushing the boundaries of what’s possible in crypto.

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Platform Tokens: Powering Smart Contracts and DApps

Have you ever heard of LTC, ETH, or ZCash?

These aren’t just cryptocurrencies; they’re powerful and programmable blockchain platforms.

As the backbone for decentralized applications (DApps) and smart contracts, platform tokens are revolutionizing how we view blockchain’s potential as a risk to the investor.

From creating self-executing contracts to launching new tokens or stablecoins, these platforms are at the forefront of crypto innovation.

It is dependent on the developers to take these platforms forward with integrity and hope their product can gain popularity.

Utility Tokens: Accessing Project Features

Stepping into the realm of utility tokens, we uncover a unique facet of the crypto mosaic.

Unlike traditional coins, these tokens grant holders access to specific project features or services.

Think of them as “crypto tickets” to exclusive functionalities using the distributed ledger technology.

From platform usage rights to in-app perks, utility tokens as a category are reshaping user engagement in the digital space.

Security Tokens: Digital Asset Ownership and Privacy Coins

On navigating the crypto spectrum, security tokens emerge as a game-changer.


They represent real-world assets, be it stocks, real estate, or even art.

Essentially, they bridge the traditional financial world with blockchain’s digital realm.

As these tokens offer ownership rights and potential profit shares, these tokens are affected by regulatory frameworks.

Recommended Read: How does a crypto exchange make money?

DeFi Tokens: Revolutionizing the Finance Category

Enter the world of DeFi, where traditional banking meets the decentralized frontier.

DeFi tokens, central to this movement, empower users with financial services sans intermediaries.

From lending and borrowing to yield farming, these tokens reshape the financial landscape, offering more control and transparency.

Exchange Tokens: Crypto Trading with Benefits

Have you ever stumbled upon Binance Coin or Huobi Token while trading on your favorite provider?

Welcome to the realm of exchange tokens!

These unique assets, issued by cryptocurrency exchanges, offer traders enticing benefits, from reduced fees to staking rewards.

But there’s more beneath the surface.

As these tokens gain traction, they’re influencing trading dynamics and liquidity.

As of writing this article, Binance Coin (BNB) is the fourth largest coin by market cap.

Governance Tokens: Decentralized Decision-making

Crypto’s democratic side takes us to governance tokens.

These aren’t just digital assets; they’re a voice in a project’s future and representation for the holder.

Holders can vote on proposals, steer platform directions, and influence critical decisions, all made possible by blockchain technology.

It’s democracy, blockchain-style.

From protocol changes to fee structures, these tokens function to decentralize authority, placing it in users’ hands.

Recommended Read: Why invest in cryptocurrency?

NFTs: Unique Digital Ownership using Non-Fungible Tokens

Are you diving into the digital art scene or virtual real estate?

You’ve likely brushed against NFTs or Non-Fungible Tokens.

Unlike typical cryptocurrencies, each NFT is distinct, representing unique digital items, from art to collectibles.

Their rise has revolutionized and represented ownership, proving digital assets can hold tangible value and are usable as a medium of exchange.

Interoperability Tokens: Bridging Blockchain Gaps

Navigating the blockchain landscape, one might encounter silos—distinct blockchains operating independently.

Enter interoperability tokens, the bridge-builders of the crypto world.

These tokens facilitate seamless interactions between blockchains, ensuring fluidity in transactions and data exchanges.

From cross-chain swaps to shared smart contracts, they’re erasing boundaries and fostering collaboration.

Layer-2 Solutions: Enhancing Scalability

Have you ever faced slow transaction times or high fees on a blockchain?

Layer-2 solutions are here to the rescue.

These are protocols built atop existing blockchains, designed to boost transaction speeds and reduce costs.

The Ethereum blockchain suffered massively from this issue in the 2022 bull run, and services like Polygon (Matic) were there to help it out.

By offloading some of the work from the main chain, they ensure smoother, faster operations.

Meme Coins: From Jokes to Market Sensations

Have you ever chuckled at Dogecoin’s Shiba Inu mascot?

What started as a lighthearted joke morphed into a crypto phenomenon with a large amount of volatility, causing losses for holders when the market downturn happened.

At their peak, meme coins take away investment money from Bitcoin and altcoins.

Meme coins, often inspired by internet culture, have taken the market by storm, garnering massive attention and investments.

While their fundamentals might be questioned and volatile, their impact is undeniable.

It is not sound investment advice to put your life savings into a meme coin, but at the end of the day, you are the person who decides what to do with your money.

Asset-backed Tokens: Tangible Wealth on the Blockchain

Imagine holding gold, real estate, U.S. dollar, or even art in a digital form.

Asset-backed tokens make this a reality.

These cryptocurrencies derive value from tangible assets, bringing stability and real-world linkage to the digital realm.

It is also the concept of stablecoins that USDT (Tether) or DAI can be exchanged 1-to-1 for a tangible dollar or other fiat currencies whenever you want to cash out.

The value of a stablecoin works as a peg to a commodity or a real-world fiat currency like the dollar or the Euro.

Whether it’s precious metals or property deeds, these tokens constitute traditional wealth and blockchain innovation.

Conclusion: Navigating the Expansive Crypto Landscape

As we’ve journeyed through the multifaceted world of many different types of cryptocurrencies, it’s evident that the types of cryptocurrency are more diverse than ever.

You can use Coinmarketcap for accuracy, as it is one of the world’s leading sources of information about a project’s attributes.

From pioneering Bitcoin to meme coins that defy logic, the landscape is thrilling and unpredictable. 

But here’s the catch: with knowledge comes power.

By understanding the nuances of each crypto type, you’re better equipped to make informed decisions about the main types of crypto and where your hard-earned money should go.

Whether investing, trading, or just curious, embracing this vast digital frontier can lead to exciting opportunities.

Prateek Ranka
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